One of the factors in the development of Type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance (IR) which is a decreased sensitivity to insulin in tissues which are insulin receptive...
Given that the two conditions are intricately linked I’m sure it will come as no surprise that the management of diabetes when you have pancreatic cancer is extremely challenging because improving one condition can deteriorate the other.
There has been a good deal of concern and confusion about prolactinomas (benign tumours of the pituitary gland) since the sad death of Tara Palmer Tomkinson in February 2017. This is mainly because she had recently revealed its diagnosis.
There is a close link between diabetes and depression - in fact depression and mood disorders are the most common psychiatric challenge within the community of diabetic patients. It is not entirely clear why this is the case...
As suggested by the name, this condition of the endocrine system can affect several hormonal glands typically the parathyroid, pituitary and pancreas. The condition manifests itself by the appearance of usually benign tumours which cause the affected gland to produce too much hormone.
When hyperparathyroidism is present too much parathyroid hormone (PTH) is produced leading to rising blood calcium levels and low blood phosphate levels.
Situated in the neck behind the thyroid the 4 parathyroid glands – which are the size of a rice grain - produce parathyroid hormone (PTH) which plays a significant part in maintaining the correct levels of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D within the body.
Discovered in 1912, Cushing’s disease is named after Harvey Cushing an American neurosurgeon. Cushing’s patients typically have round faces and gain weight around their neck, trunk and abdomen whilst having slender arms and legs.
Diagnosing falling cortisol levels, this condition was named after Dr Thomas Addison after he discovered its existence in 1855 due to TB infiltration of the adrenal gland. Addison’s disease is rare with approximately 8,000 UK patients at any one time.
You may have heard in the media that type 2 diabetes has tripled over the last 20 to 30 years. However it’s only in the past couple of years that the term “Prediabetes” has been officially recognised.
Thyroid hormone replacement is life-long and falls within the definition of the Equality Act 2010 (previously the Disability Act) as without thyroid hormone replacement the hypothyroidism is likely to recur.
Thyroiditis is the inflammation (not infection) of the thyroid gland. The cause of this can be tricky to spot because a number of individual disorders can cause the thyroid to swell and thyroiditis can cause either high or low levels of thyroid hormones.
It has long been known that the immune system in people with type 1 diabetes attacked 5 key targets but working out the fifth and final one has taken over 20 years.
Thyroid disease is more common in children with Down’s syndrome than in the general population. By the time they are adolescents around 15% of those with Down’s syndrome will have an underactive thyroid and the frequency continues to rise throughout adulthood.
Active research goes on in all areas of endocrinology and one that recently caught the eye of the media was a Swiss study concerning a possible cure for diabetes
Having devoted nearly three decades of service to the NHS since qualifying in 1987, Dr Vanderpump is now leaving to pursue a different career path in his specialism of endocrinology.
I think it’s fair to say that - until something goes wrong - most people know very little about the medical field of endocrinology and are unlikely to have met the endocrinologists who diagnose and treat any hormone imbalances that arise in the major glands of the endocrine system.
A healthy thyroid plays a vital part in brain chemistry, so we should not be surprised that a thyroid disorder can cause unpredictable mood changes. For example those with an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can suddenly feel tense and anxious. They may experience panic attacks, impatience, be overactive and have an exaggerated sensitivity to noise.
There are some common myths surrounding the condition of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. There is no “cure” for PCOS but there are ways that you can be helped depending on your symptoms. I thought I would clarify things by debunking those I hear the most:
Hashimoto’s disease is more correctly known as “Autoimmune Thyroiditis” (AT) because the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland as a threat to the body. This causes your immune system to produce special antibodies which inflame and destroy the thyroid cells.
Although both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes share the inability to control the normal level of blood sugar, they are two entirely different conditions.
Young women with PCOS often struggle with their weight because of high levels of insulin in their blood. Here's how to tackle that problem in terms of diet.
Hypocalcaemia is the term for an abnormally low level of calcium in the body. Although it is an uncommon condition, it is found equally in men and women and can occur at any age. If there’s a low level of calcium in the blood (serum calcium) it can cause problems since it regulates the many processes that make cells work.
Osteoporosis is recognised as a common disease of major importance in day to day health care. It is a disease of our ageing Western civilisation and its consequences - fractured wrist, vertebra or hip - are associated with chronic illness and indeed death. The statistics are pretty thought provoking:
With an average of 7 out of every 100 pregnant women developing gestational diabetes should the UK bbe putting a screening programme in place?
Treatment of Primary Hypothyroidism and the L-T4/L-T3 debate
The 2015 position statement of the BTA
Did you know Iodine controls the metabolic rate, our growth and development AND the development of the brain and nervous system of a foetus?
Chronic tiredness is often due to our breakneck pace of life but, gentlemen, if you are experiencing other symptoms such as loss of hair and libido you probably ought to get a check up...